The bed bugs are parasites belonging to the family of the Cimicidae are small, oval-shaped and brownish insects that feed exclusively on blood. While there are many parasites of Cimicidae family that feed on animal blood.
The bed bug is famous because it prefers to feed on human blood. It is easy to identify an adult bed bug as it has a flat body, and somewhat resembles an apple seed but sucking the blood from your body, it swells and becomes reddish. Bed bugs usually feed on their hosts without being noticed by the hosts.
Although it is believed that bed bugs are most active at night, but they can also bite you in the day time if you are close their area of infestation. A female bedbug can lay hundreds of eggs during their lifetime. These eggs are usually the size of a dust particle and can be brought home with adults through luggage, used furniture, used bedding, clothing, etc.
Bedbugs can not fly. Surprisingly, they can move pretty quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. While some serious health conditions may arise as a result of bug bites, such as skin rashes, allergic symptoms, and even psychological problems. However, it is unknown whether bedbugs transmit a pathogen.
Does your house was infested with bedbugs?
One of the most obvious signs of bed bug infestation is sudden itching on certain areas of the body. Also when you wake up after sleeping you can notice red color rashes on your body. These itchy areas can also contain small red bumps.
Small bloodstains on your sheets or pillowcases, bedding or walls, eggshells or furs in areas where usually bedbugs hide.
As bugs have flattened bodies, it helps them hide in smaller spaces, such as mattresses, bed frames and headboards. Although bed bugs do not have nests, they tend to live in groups. Eventually, they tend to spread through the room, moving any cracks or protected location, and even in adjoining rooms.
If you suspect that you have an infestation of bed bugs, remove all bedding and dust and blankets, mattresses, etc. and review it carefully for signs of insects or their droppings. You should also check the area around the bed, even in books, telephones, radios, edges of carpets and even electrical outlets.
Best Ways to get rid of bedbugs
Once you have identified an infestation of bed bugs in your home, it is clear that you need to eliminate them quickly. But this is a very long process, and there is nothing like patience and preparation to win.
Terminating bedbug infestation starts with the cleaning of places where the tiny creatures live. Now, this is not an easy task because it includes washing and drying bedding, curtains, other clothing, etc.
Dip in hot water and then check thoroughly that it actually is free of bugs. The whole house, furniture, bedding, furniture, etc. should be vacuumed regularly. After each pumping session, make sure to remove the vacuum bag in another plastic bag and place it in the trash container outside the house.
Another way to get rid of these parasites is to freeze them. Although bedbugs can live up to one year in a cool room, they can not withstand temperatures below zero. Freezing infested articles and bedsheets for at least two hours at -17 °C should kill the bugs.
In addition to that vapor can also help to get rid of bed bugs. The steam can penetrate the holes, cracks, and mattress effectively and efficiently. Steam cleaning elements and rooms infested at about 60 °C can destroy the insects and their eggs without damaging the environment.
Natural home remedies to get rid of bed bugs
You can also try some natural insecticides to get rid of bed bugs and their eggs. In this regard, essential oils have gained importance as an important natural source of pesticides. They represent an estimated $700 million market. Total production of essential oils in the world is estimated at about 45,000 tons.
Most essential oils affect internal cell membranes of insects, causing cytotoxic effects. It is this property that is beneficial to address any pest insect or insects. And while essential oils are toxic to insects, they are safe for humans. Here we look at some natural insecticides based on essential oils as well as some other less harmful repellents to help get rid of bed bugs.
1. Spray Tea Tree Oil
Studies show that the oil tea tree is an effective insecticide that effectively interrupts the permeability barrier of the cell membrane structures, resulting in loss of control and mortality.
This harmful property of tea tree oil making against cells of pests makes it an effective natural insecticide to combat bedbugs.
You can use the homemade spray to reach places, such as cracks, and furniture joints.
How to use?
- To make a natural insecticide with tea tree oil, mix two teaspoons of tea tree oil with 50 ml of water.
- Pour into a spray bottle and shake well.
- Sprinkle the natural insecticide in all areas where bedbugs think living.
- Use this application daily until all signs of bugs disappear. Remember to shake well before each application.
2. Lavender Oil
Like the tea tree oil, the lavender essential oil can also be used as an effective natural insecticide to kill bedbugs. It is also believed that lavender oil also destroys the eggs of bedbugs.
The smell of lavender is most effective in killing these insects. The oil probably acts as a cytotoxin and therefore kills bedbugs.
How to use?
- To make a spray, mix 10-15 drops of lavender oil with 50 ml of water.
- Shake well, pour into a spray bottle and use it on the areas of infestation.
- You can also use soap or lavender powder as an aerosol.
- Another method is to place sheets or fresh lavender flowers in and around areas infested to remove bugs.
3. Spray the Citronella
Citronella is another essential oil that can repel and kill bed bugs and their eggs. It is believed that citronella oil increases the acid condition within the insects, thereby effectively removes it.
Like lavender, it is also believed that the smell of citronella helps to eliminate bedbugs.
How to use?
- Add 10 drops of citronella oil in a small bowl of water.
- Pour into a spray bottle, shake well and spray on affected areas for best results.
4. Spray eucalyptus oil
Evergreen and powerful eucalyptus leaves are found in abundance in most parts of the world. The eucalyptus essential oil and its leaves are widely used in foods, pharmaceuticals, perfumes, etc.
It is also widely used as an insect repellent. It is believed that eucalyptus exhibit ovicidal and insect repellency against bacteria, fungi, insects, weeds, nematodes, and mites.
How to use?
- To spray, take two 60 ml water, 45 ml of hamamelis and 30 drops of essential oil of eucalyptus.
- Pour all this into a spray bottle and shake well to mix.
- Then spray the solution on the affected areas.
- Repeat the spray every two hours or so.
5. Orange Essential Oil
Orange oil contains d-limonene, classified as an insecticide. This is a neurotoxin that kills insects and bugs within minutes after contact.
How to use?
- Prepare a spray solution by mixing 1 cup compost tea, 28 ml of molasses and 50 ml of orange essential oil in 4 liters of water.
- Mix all this well and spray on affected areas.
6. Neem Oil
For generations, neem oil has been used for various medicinal properties and insecticides. Neem leaves and seeds are used for medicinal purposes and have many proven beneficial results.
Studies show that neem oil, especially neem oil cold pressed, has high toxicity and anti-insects and can repel a variety of pests.
How to use?
- To an aerosolized solution, add 25 ml of pure neem oil in 100 ml of water. Add ½ teaspoon of soap to emulsify the solution.
- Mix well, Then spray and clean beds, sheets, walls, cracks and all possible hiding places of bedbugs.
- Do this three times a day during the first three days.
- Then switch to treat your home every other day for a total of 18 days.
The calamus Acorus is a water semi-rare perennial plant, which is found in European and American continents. It is known for its rhizome and fragrant oils, this plant has been used medicinally and its insecticidal properties, for hundreds of years.
Recent studies have also revealed that calamus has antifungal and antibacterial properties. The antimicrobial property makes calamus effective against bedbugs.
How to use?
- To make a spray, boil 100 grams of Calamus and 50 grams of turmeric powder in one liter of water.
- Boil this for an hour.
- Then keep the solution in a closed container for 24 hours.
- The next day, filter and dilute the solution in 10 part water.
- Transfer to a spray bottle and spray liberally on the affected areas and surrounding areas.
8. Bean Leaves
Studies have shown that the leaves have microscopic hairs called trichomes on its surface that entangle insects in them, literally stopping them dry.
Unlike Velcro effect, the trichomes actually engage the legs of insects, trapping them. How to use: disperse bean leaves throughout the house, especially in infested areas. You can also place the sheets under the mattress.
You can wait a couple of days before getting rid of these sheets or choose to use fresh leaves every day for a few days. Since insects are trapped in the leaves, get rid of the leaves will ensure that insects never return.
9. Thyme oil
Pure Thyme oil or thymol is an excellent insect repellent against bedbugs.
How to use?
- You can tie stick thyme with a cotton cloth and burning near the infested area, or in the infested room.
- Alternatively, put thyme leaves in net bags and place them in and around the infested areas.
- Remember to replace these bags with fresh sheets every three days.
- Continue the process up to a month to make sure they have killed all the bugs.
10. Clove Oil
Like most other essential oils, clove oil also has repellent properties insecticides and insect. It is believed that the acid pH and its pungent odor, disrupt insect survival, destroying them.
How to use?
- Mix 1 teaspoon of essential oil of cloves with 1 cup water.
- Pour into a spray bottle, shake well and spray on affected areas.
11. Diatomaceous earth
The diatomaceous earth is a non – toxic insecticide used for the protection of stored products and to control pests in the home and garden. It is a natural product that does not harm humans.
It can be used comfortably in any room, even in cracks in walls and other inaccessible regions. Diatomaceous earth is as a fine crystalline powder. Although fine for the human eye, the crystals trap and kill bugs.
How to use?
- Sprinkle diatomaceous earth food grade on the bed, the floor, cracks and other areas where insects are likely to hide.
- Let it stay for up to three days. After three days, vacuum the area.
Some other products that work effectively against bedbugs are baking powder and boric powder. But even if the boric powder is toxic, baking powder is harmless to humans. Also, remember that most essential oils are capable to get rid of bed bugs.
This is because, as mentioned earlier, the oils act as cytotoxins and destroys the membranes of insects. So, go ahead and start freeing up your home and heart of those pesky bloodsuckers.